Magdalena Klemun is an Assistant Professor at the Division of Public Policy. Prior to joining HKUST, Magdalena was a postdoctoral associate at the Institute for Data, Systems, and Society (IDSS) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Her research interests are in understanding how the economic and environmental performance of technologies evolves as a function of policy and engineering design choices, with a particular interest in the role of hardware vs. non-hardware ('soft') innovations. Magdalena received her Ph.D. from IDSS at MIT, M.S. in Earth Resources Engineering from Columbia University, where she studied as a Fulbright Scholar, and her B.S. in Electrical Engineering and Information Technology from Vienna University of Technology.